The River Valley Civilizations Yellow River Valley Civilization Indus River Valley Civilization Tigris-Euphrates Civilization Paleolithic - Neolothic Era

NILE RIVER VALLEY CIVILIZATION

The Nile River Valley Civilization started at the northern most peak of the Nile River at the time of the Neolithic Revolution.  This early civilization formed down the lush fields of the Nile River. Protected by the water and desert, the civilization was able to grow into Egypt and surrounding colonies.

Impact of Geography


Geography for the Nile River Valley Civilization was very important.  The Nile would flood each year starting in July and lasting until November.  This flood would provide new, rich soil for the Egyptians and would wash away waste.  The seas around the civilization served a barrier against war and disease.

Economy

The inhabitants of the Nile River Valley Civilization depended heavily on farming.  Close proximity to the Nile allowed easy access to water needed for crops.  Seasonal flooding fertilized the land for the next year's crops.  Agriculture was essential for survival, growth, and economic success.

Social Structure


 King

Had a special status
Female companion also had a special status
Ruler of the land

 Ruling Class

Related or of high importance of the King

 Craftsman

Craftsman make weapons and tools for the people
Work on the decorations for tombs

 Farmers

Most people of the Nile tribes were farmers that can only be vaguely distinguished by their tombs.

 Marginalized Groups

Very little known about the people.
Did not live in organized structures
Acted as military

 Slaves

Little evidence of slavery
Servants were often used and sold.
The Pyramids were built by servants who were paid in beer.

Buildings/Structures


Pyramids
Large boats for transport
Rigid structures that held pharaoh at the top, followed by priests, artisans, farmers, and finally slaves.

People of Interest

 Menes

First Dynasty Egyption King
Possibly found Ancient Rome
Accredited for combining upper and lower Egypt

Tools/Weapons/Technology/Literature


Produced a 365-day calendar based on astronomy.
Developed early Geometry used for designing fields and canals.
Hieroglyphics were created and carved on to tablets for communication

Religion


Polytheistic religion - Multiple gods


Page last updated: September 12, 2011